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6202 Walkers Line,
Burlington, ON

Chile Peppers at Hutchinson Farm
Chile d'Arbol
Photo: Chile de Arbol, David MacTavish, Hutchinson Farm, Burlington, ON, August 20 2010

Grown at Hutchinson Farm since the 1990's. Available late July to early October.

If you love fresh hot peppers, the best advice we can give you is to buy your peppers from someone who loves them too. At Hutchinson farm, we know chiles, we love chiles, and we grow them hot.

Just how hot is it? The answer is, it depends!
I may find something extremely hot, that a real chile-head finds only mildly spicy. Or, a sauce that may be a little bit spicy to me, has enough heat to kill my mother!

Use Scoville Heat Units as your heat guage:
0 = sweet pepper
< 2,000: some heat, way too hot for my mother
2,000 - 4,000: a mild Jalapeño, nice and spicy for me, no heat to a chile-head
4,000 - 8,000: A real hot Jalapeño
8,000 - 20,000: too hot for me, chile-head heaven
20,000 - 500,000: proceed with caution

  • In season
    Late July to early September.

  • Purchasing tips
    Look for peppers that are firm and heavy for their size. For jalapeños, the more cracks, the hotter!

  • Storing at home
    Keep peppers in the refrigerator.

  • Cultivars
    See chart below

  • Preserve
    Chop and freeze large chiles, jalapeños or smaller may be frozen whole.

  • Classic Recipe

  • Favourite Recipes
    recipes to come, please share yours!

Capsicum annum
This, the most common family of hot peppers, originating in Mexico, it includes Jalapeños, Serranos, Poblanos, etc. Heat is mild to very hot.

this season
Don Matias
Poblano, green, 6" x 3"
Scoville: 2,000-4,000
Very large ancho pepper with a very dark green color. This variety is a true large Mexican-type for chili rellenos.

Jalapeño, green to red, 3.75" x 1.5"
Scoville: 3,300
Another Jalapeño

El Jefe
Jalapeño, green to red, 4" x 1.5"
Scoville: 4,000-6,000
Another Jalapeño

El Rey Jalapeño, green to red, 3" x 1.25"
Scoville: 2,500-4,500
Our standard Jalapeño, "The King"

Camino Réal
Serrano, green to red, 3" x 0.5"
Scoville: 7,000
Serranos are a classic Mexican chile, lots of heat and small seeds so you can use the whole chile without de-seeding.

Joes’ Long Cayenne
Cayenne, green to red, 8-12" x 0.5-0.75"
Scoville: 20,000 - 50,000
An extra long Cayanne, great used fresh or dry. A Seed Saver's Exchange release, originating in the Italian community of Toronto.

Green, yellow, red, with unique stripes, 3" x 1"
Scoville: 45,000 - 75,000
Nineteenth century African American heirloom first offered by William Woys Weaver in the 1995 SSE Yearbook. Weaver’s grandfather received the seeds in the 1940s from Horace Pippin of West Chester, Pennsylvania.  Traditionally used in oyster and crab houses around Chesapeake Bay. The two-foot tall plants have beautiful variegated foliage.

Rio de Oro
Santa Fe type, gold to red, 3.5" x 2"
Scoville: 700
A mild hot pepper with thick flesh, conical shape. When chopping, leave the ribbing, or you will cut away all the heat. New for 2012. Note: our resident chile-head rates this as hotter than the labeled 700 SHU...closer to a milder jalapeño!

Super Hungarian Hot
Hot Banana, light green - yellow - red, 8" x 2"
Scoville: 6000
A classic hungarian hot.

Chile de Arbol Chile de Arbol, green to red, 2.5" x .25"
Scoville: 15,000-30,000
A hot Mexican chile, often dried. Means "Tree Chile"

Capsicum chinense

The hottest family of peppers, including the common Habaneros, Scotch Bonnets, and the infamous But Jolokia. If you are not familiar with these peppers, proceed with extreme caution. One of these peppers is as hot as 50 Jalapeños. Be careful when cutting them, keep fingers away from eyes and other body parts, and add with caution to your dishes.

Capsicum chinense, yellow-orange, 2.5-3.5" x .75-1.5"
Scoville: 125,000-325,000
From central Africa, this pepper is like a large Habanero. It even has it's very own website: fatalii.net
this season
Capsicum chinense, orange, 1-2" x .75"
Scoville: 100,000-300,000
Insane heat. If not familiar with these peppers, proceed with extreme caution. If you can get past the heat, habaeros have a delightful citrusy-floral flavour.

Habanero Mustard
Capsicum chinense, light green - orange, 1-2" x .75"
Scoville: 100,000-300,000
This uniquely colored habanero showed up as an off-type in the garden of SSE member James Weaver of Kutztown, Pennsylvania.

Habanero Red
Capsicum chinense, green - red, 1-2" x .75"
Scoville: 100,000-300,000(aka Lucifer’s Dream) Caribbean favorite many times hotter than the jalapeño. Three-foot tall plants produce enormous yields of small rippled peppers with a characteristic fruity flavor and aroma.

Capsicum baccatum
A bell shaped pepper, commonly associated with Peruvian cuisine

this season
Nepalese Bell
Capsicum baccatum, green - orange - red, 1-2" x 3-4"
Scoville: 100,000-300,000
Also called "Christmas Bell", this is a Seed Savers Exchange release. The seed was originally obtained from a Nepalese student. The pepper is sweet around the outer edges, hot in the center.